Obama Ingin Awal Baru dengan Dunia Islam

Barack Obama

BARACK OBAMA – Presiden Barack Obama, Kamis, menyerukan sebuah permulaan baru dalam hubungan Amerika Serikat dan dunia muslim dengan menunjuk kesulitan-kesulitan seputar konflik Arab-Israel, dua perang pimpinan AS dan ketegangan menyangkut Iran.

Berbicara kepada satu miliar penduduk muslim dunia dari Kairo, Mesir, Obama menjamin dilanjutkannya status negara kepada Palestina, menyatakan tentara AS tak ingin tinggal lama di Irak atau Afghanistan dan menawarkan kesaling pengertian kepada musuh abadinya Iran.

Pidato besarnya yang kerapkali terhenti oleh teriakan “kami mencintaimu,” disambut luas oleh banyak kalangan karena menawarkan pesan segar sepeninggal pemerintahan George W. Bush, kendati sejumlah kalangan menunjukkan frustasinya bahwa Obama tidak menjabarkan secara spesifik mengenai langkah-langkah dalam mengubah kebijakan luar negeri AS.

“Kita bertemu pada satu masa tegang antara Amerika Serikat dan kaum muslim seluruh dunia, ketegangan itu berakar dalam kekuatan sejarah yang jauh mendahului debat kebijakan yang terjadi kini,” kata Obama dalam pidato yang memasukkan pula salah satu ayat suci Alquran.

“Saya datang ke sini untuk menggapai permulaan baru diantara Amerika Serikat dan umat muslim seluruh dunia, yang didasarkan pada kepentingan yang saling menguntungkan dan saling menghormati.

“Amerika dan Islam tidaklah eksklusif, dan tidak perlu berkompetisi. Kecurigaan dan perbedaan pendapat ini harus berakhir,” kata Obama.

Pemilihan Kairo sebagai tempat pidato Obama menggarisbawahi fokus kebijakan Obama ke Timur Tengah dimana dia menghadapi tantangan kebijakan luar negeri yang hebat di kawasan ini, dari mencoba menghidupkan kembali perundingan Israel-Palestina sampai melunakkan ambisi nuklir Iran yang dituduh Washington sedang membangun bom atom namun dibantah Teheran.

Sabar

Meskipun pemerintahan Obama berupaya mengendurkan ekspektasi beberapa hari belakangan ini mengenai apa yang menjadi sasaran pidato Obama, ada harapan besar di kawasan itu bahwa dia akan mengambil langkah lebih tegas perihal Israel dengan mewujudkan kata-katanya itu dengan tindakan.

Obama juga hanya sedikit menawarkan pembahasan rinci mengenai demokrasi, penegakkan hukum dan hak asasi manusia di dunia Arab, masalah-masalah yang sebenarnya diharapkan banyak kalangan bisa didengar dari pidatonya itu.

Obama yang ingin membangun koalisi dengan banyak pemerintahan muslim demi mendukung langkah-langkah diplomatiknya, mempertegas komitmennya tentang solusi dua negara dalam konflik Israel-Palestina.

“Solusi ini adalah demi kepentingan Israel, kepentingan Palestina, kepentingan Amerika dan kepentingan dunia. Inilah alasan mengapa saya secara pribadi bertekad untuk melanjutkan upaya ini dengan kesabaran yang dibutuhkan dalam misi ini,” kata Obama.

Dia menyatakan Palestina harus meninggalkan kekerasan dan mendesak mereka untuk mengakui hak eksistensi Israel, sebaliknya Israel harus menghentikan pembangunan permukiman di daerah pendudukan di Tepi Barat.

“Pidato Presiden Obama adalah awal baik dan langkah penting berkenaaan dengan kebijakan luar negeri AS yang baru,” kata pejabat Palestina Nabil Abu Rdainah.

Obama menyatakan Iran harus diberi kesempatan untuk mengembangkan energi nuklir demi tujuan damai, sebaliknya harus mematuhi kesepakatan internasional mengenai non proliferasi (anti penyebaran) senjata nuklir.

“Ini sama sekali tidak berkaitan dengan kepentingan Amerika. Ini menyangkut pencegahan perlombaan senjata nuklir di Timur Tengah yang akan mengantarkan kawasan ini dan dunia jatuh ke bagian yang paling membahayakan,” papar Obama.

Obama menyatakan Amerika Serikat tidak berminat mempertahanan pangkalan militernya di Afghanistan dan menyatakan Washington memiliki tanggungjawab untuk meninggalkan Irak demi bangsa Irak dan membangun negeri itu untuk masa depan Irak yang lebih baik.

“Pidato ini sangat menginspirasi dan saya kira banyak orang akan menyambutnya, karena dia mencoba untuk bersikap netral, jujur dan objektif,” kata Khalil al-Anani, analis politik pada Yayasan Al-Ahram yang berbasis di Mesir.

Namun reaksi sebaliknya ditunjukkan sejumlah kalangan. “Dunia Islam tidak membutuhkan pidato moral atau politik. Dunia Islam membutuhkan perubahan fundamental dalam kebijakan luar negeri Amerika,” kata Hassan Fadlallah, seorang anggota legislatif Lebanon dari faksi Hizbullah.

Mohamed Habib, Wakil Ketua Ikhwanul Muslimin Mesir, lain lagi, dia menyebut pidato Obama sebagai tidak lebih dari sekedar pernyataan humas.

Sementara pemimpin spiritual Iran Ayatollah Ali Khamenei menyampaikan “pesan” kepada Obama sebelum Presiden AS itu berpidato, bahwa Amerika sangat dibenci di kawasan Timur Tengah dan hanya tindakan, bukan kata-kata, yang bisa mengubah pandangan ini. (ant/reuters*)

Obama Kutip ayat Qur’an

Disamping mengucapkan “assalamualaikum”, Presiden AS Barack Obama mengisikan pidato besarnya yang ditujukan kepada umat muslim seluruh dunia dengan mengutipkan satu ayat dalam kitab suci Alquran serta menceritakan asal usul keluarganya yang muslim.

“Seperti Kitab Suci Alquran ajarkan kepada kita, ‘Berserahlah kepada Allah dan senantiasalah berbicara benar,” kata Obama dalam pidatonya di Kairo, Mesir, Kamis.

Kutipan ini kemungkinan berasal dari salah satu ayat dalam surat Al-Ankabut dan ditujukan demi memperkuat keinginannya untuk saling mendengar dan berbicara dari hati ke hati diantara Amerika Serikat dan dunia Islam.

Obama juga mengisahkan asal usul keluarganya yang dekat dengan dunia muslim dimana secara eksplisit dia menyebut ayahnya yang berasal dari sebuah keluarga di Kenya, Afrika, adalah dari generasi keluarga muslim.

Obama juga menyebut Keith Ellison, anggota Kongres dari Partai Demokrat mewakili negara bagian Minnesota Democrat, yang merupakan muslim pertama yang menjadi anggota Kongres AS.

Kata Obama, “Dia (Keith) disumpah dengan menggunakan Kitab Suci Alquran yang sama dengan yang disimpan salah seorang dari empat Bapak Pendiri (bangsa) kami, Thomas Jefferson, di perpustakaan pribadinya.”

Disamping Alquran, Obama juga mengutipkan Injil dan kitab Talmud Yahudi (Taurat) demi memperkuat argumentasinya mengenai perlunya membangun hubungan baik antara Amerika Serikat dengan dunia muslim. (ant)

2 komentar

  1. primo · · Balas

    Mr. Berg,
    Your foolish websites, blogs, lawsuits, etc. about the issue of the President’s citizenship is nothing more than a thin veil to make a mockery on the citizen of the Untied States.
    Currently, Title 8 of the U.S. Code Section 1401 defines the following as people who are “citizens of the United States at birth:”
    • Anyone born inside the United States *
    • Any Indian or Eskimo born in the United States, provided being a citizen of the U.S. does not impair the person’s status as a citizen of the tribe
    • Any one born outside the United States, both of whose parents are citizens of the U.S., as long as one parent has lived in the U.S.
    • Any one born outside the United States, if one parent is a citizen and lived in the U.S. for at least one year and the other parent is a U.S. national
    • Any one born in a U.S. possession, if one parent is a citizen and lived in the U.S. for at least one year
    • Any one found in the U.S. under the age of five, whose parentage cannot be determined, as long as proof of non-citizenship is not provided by age 21
    • Any one born outside the United States, if one parent is an alien and as long as the other parent is a citizen of the U.S. who lived in the U.S. for at least five years (with military and diplomatic service included in this time)
    • A final, historical condition: a person born before 5/24/1934 of an alien father and a U.S. citizen mother who has lived in the U.S.
    * There is an exception in the law – the person must be “subject to the jurisdiction” of the United States. This would exempt the child of a diplomat, for example, from this provision.
    Anyone falling into these categories is considered natural-born, and is eligible to run for President or Vice President. Separate sections handle territories that the United States has acquired over time, such as Puerto Rico (8 USC 1402), Alaska (8 USC 1404), Hawaii (8 USC 1405), the U.S. Virgin Islands (8 USC 1406), and Guam (8 USC 1407). Each of these sections confer citizenship on persons living in these territories as of a certain date, and usually confer natural-born status on persons born in those territories after that date. For example, for Puerto Rico, all persons born in Puerto Rico between April 11, 1899, and January 12, 1941, are automatically conferred citizenship as of the date the law was signed by the President (June 27, 1952). Additionally, all persons born in Puerto Rico on or after January 13, 1941, are natural-born citizens of the United States. Note that because of when the law was passed, for some, the natural-born status was retroactive.
    Perhaps, you should post this good law and statutory language on your website so that the people will grasp a clear understanding about what the law says about what constitutes “citizens of the United States at birth”. But, as expected, you won’t even bother post this law on your websites, blogs or elsewhere, because you know your position regarding the Constitution is patently frivolous; indeed, a fact found by all Courts you have filed papers with.

    Indeed, here is an exceprt from Title 8:

    TITLE 8 > CHAPTER 12 > SUBCHAPTER III > Part I > § 1401Prev | Next § 1401. Nationals and citizens of United States at birth
    How Current is This? The following shall be nationals and citizens of the United States at birth:
    (a) a person born in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof;
    (b) a person born in the United States to a member of an Indian, Eskimo, Aleutian, or other aboriginal tribe: Provided, That the granting of citizenship under this subsection shall not in any manner impair or otherwise affect the right of such person to tribal or other property;
    (c) a person born outside of the United States and its outlying possessions of parents both of whom are citizens of the United States and one of whom has had a residence in the United States or one of its outlying possessions, prior to the birth of such person;
    (d) a person born outside of the United States and its outlying possessions of parents one of whom is a citizen of the United States who has been physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for a continuous period of one year prior to the birth of such person, and the other of whom is a national, but not a citizen of the United States;
    (e) a person born in an outlying possession of the United States of parents one of whom is a citizen of the United States who has been physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for a continuous period of one year at any time prior to the birth of such person;
    (f) a person of unknown parentage found in the United States while under the age of five years, until shown, prior to his attaining the age of twenty-one years, not to have been born in the United States;
    (g) a person born outside the geographical limits of the United States and its outlying possessions of parents one of whom is an alien, and the other a citizen of the United States who, prior to the birth of such person, was physically present in the United States or its outlying possessions for a period or periods totaling not less than five years, at least two of which were after attaining the age of fourteen years: Provided, That any periods of honorable service in the Armed Forces of the United States, or periods of employment with the United States Government or with an international organization as that term is defined in section 288 of title 22 by such citizen parent, or any periods during which such citizen parent is physically present abroad as the dependent unmarried son or daughter and a member of the household of a person
    (A) honorably serving with the Armed Forces of the United States, or
    (B) employed by the United States Government or an international organization as defined in section 288 of title 22, may be included in order to satisfy the physical-presence requirement of this paragraph. This proviso shall be applicable to persons born on or after December 24, 1952, to the same extent as if it had become effective in its present form on that date; and
    (h) a person born before noon (Eastern Standard Time) May 24, 1934, outside the limits and jurisdiction of the United States of an alien father and a mother who is a citizen of the United States who, prior to the birth of such person, had resided in the United States.

  2. Hmmm .. sudah diramalkan, dan ramalan yang terbukti itu pertanda bahwa sampai dengan saat ini mereka benar. Padahal ramalan itu isinya adalah pertanda sebelum kiamat tiba.

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